#3. Switches (pushbutton) – part 1

I set a pushbutton switch on a breadboard. The start was not bad. However…

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And I was faced an unexpected problem. I just moved the location of LED connected to the above leg of the pushbutton, then the switch worked in opposite way. The switch is opened with untouched, and if I pushed the button, it was open and current was flew. It was so weird. You can see this with the below video.

#2. Measuring voltage with a multimeter

I used a multimeter to measure voltage.

I compared the difference of voltage following the number of LEDs.

First, I turned the dial of the multimeter on 20V.

(I had turned it on 2V and checked voltage, but the multimeter had not worked because the power through the arduido is 5V.)

1) Set One LED

  • Resistance: 2. 76V
  • LED: 19.4V




2) Set two LEDs

  • Resistance: 1.17V
  • 1st LED: 1.85V
  • 2nd LED: 1.92V



Those were serial circuits and I could see the voltage was dropped from the power to the ground through the circuit.

Week3. Storyboard and lighting

Sentence: I wish you were here.

Jina and me expressed the sentence above with a four cut picture. We set a woman who miss her boyfirend who is not with her now. Through the first three picture, she looks very happy with having a tea with her boyfriend sitting infront of her. However, we could notice that she is actually sitting alone and imagined she was with him. We take the first three pictures in a close distance to her to make people imagine that there is a guy in front of her, and took a full shot to show the entire space in the last scene. A soft light was used for the pictures.


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Week2. Sound project for Bloodchild

Here is the final result of me and Marco’s music inspired by Bloodchild. It is a sound college representing the story .

We collected various sounds with a recorder based on the story of Bloodchild and mixed it with Adobe Audition. A few of free sound library are used together.

It started with water sound. it was calm just like the silence before a storm and getting strong and mixed with the next sound. The tension has built up with the stretched song, closed door sound, footstep sounds. It goes to climax and you could listen the various of alarms and broken glasses. Finally when T’Gatoi’s eggs move to Gan, we express that scene, which is a  bit of sexual but weird, with animal sound which human being can not understand just like the relationship of them which is complicated and mixed emotions people could not understand.

Before we started to make a music, I did not expect that such a great music will be created from sounds existed without direct correlations each other. However, the result was amazing and it was great to work with Marco.








Week 1.


For making a short sound piece for “Bloodchild” by Octavia Butler, me and Marco, my partner and kind friend, met at ITP to talk about the book and the structure of our music.  The book was a short SF story and it was more than just fun. It contained many things which make me lost in thought. It was very interesting and also very clever . The role of sex was totally opposite to the real world, male became pregnant and female gave an egg to a man just like sperm moves from a man to a woman. This metaphor let us come up with many interesting idea for our work.

We decided not to tell the story literally, such as using footstep sounds to represent a scene that character is walking. Instead of a simile, we planed to express the story metaphorically with sounds tell atmosphere of a scene or tell story indirectly to make listeners imagine the story freely.


  1. T’Gatoi was lying on a couch and taking with mother of Gan: We felt calm before the storm.  (water sound)
  1. History about the relationship between mom and T’Gatoi. They were old friends and she introduced mom her husband : We will express their a little bit of unbalanced relationship.

3. Something sounds wrong outside. the cage was gone. T’Gatoi brought Lomas inside the house: Mysterious feeling

4. Lomas’s painful looking and T’Gatoi tried to let him give birth. Gan decided to help her: urgent, unexpected and surprised

5. Gan shoot a achti: afraid and scared

6. Climax: Gan saw a birth. (Lomas was devided and T’Gatoi picked grubs. ) :  horrible, gross, shocking, disturbing…

7. Gan and his brother, Qui was talking : tension, sad, surprised….

8. Gan decided to bear eggs of T’Gatoi to save his sister: sound of sacrifice.

9. T’Gatoi moved her egg from her body into Gan: we will express this metaphorically.


We divided the story about 10 structures and the duration for each parts would be around 30 secs to meet a total 3 min. But there is flexibility for each playing time to make impact on climax. Our music is an OST of the book and also could be played in a big space or a gallery rather than being listen before going to sleep.

There were a bunch of interesting ideas about what sounds we are going to collect for each structures. But I will reveal it later with collected sounds.

[Passing Stranger (East Village Poetry Walk) by Pejk Malinovski]

Walking East Village was really enjoyable experience. I have been there several times, but  has no idea what historical stories were in there.  This sound walk starts from St.Marks Church. Some places were changed, but it was  meaningful for me who came from outside of NYC to understand the historical meanings of East Village. However, I felt the historical stories of the place which is now filled with stores and fancy restaurants were getting lost as time has gone. It also happens in Korea either.

This activity made me also think about the expanded role of a sound track and developed form of a sound guide in the future. During the walking the streets, I felt like I was walking inside of a museum with a docent by listening explanation about art pieces. And I thought this would be one of the form of a guide tour in the future. Like invisible tour guide. It might be more fun to add some interaction if this sound track would be combined with other technology such as an application to allow people to have interesting experience. It could be an wearable devices where the sound comes from while walking East Village after 5 years rather than putting earphones on my ears. It was fun to imagine what a sound walk can do for a in the future and maybe I could do some project with this subject later.



[Jonathan Lethem’s The Ecstasy of Influence: A Plagiarism]

[Kirby Ferguson’s Embrace the Remix]


Defining which is an influenced one and which is a plagiarism is tricky. That is why a plagiarism is a common controversial issue in various fields of arts. However, a plagiarism sometimes could happen even we do not intend to,  because we are influenced from a bunch of things such as memories, cultures and everything surrounding us.  And especially creators, they find references to be inspired or to just to refer their work. So it is hard to tell we literally create something from nothing.
We, as a creator, should not overlook the importance of a copywriter. The article and the video and also the discussion during the class let me think about in another aspect of influence. We need to check that our work is original with questioning to ourselves in different context. The other important factor is to protect our work. Sometimes I put a copywrite mark with my name below my illustration even though I am not sure it have legal force or not. Some portfolio website offer service for an artist to protect their credit. For example, when I publish my work on Behance, the site asks me that how much range I allow to people use my work. People could just scrape my work without any transformation or could modify for non-commercial use.
It was a good change to think about the originality and influence before we start to make our sound piece and also will be helpful for entire life as long as we are artists.


#1. Success and fails to turn the light on LED

My very first experience to play with a breadboard and LED!

Sometimes LED is lighten up, sometimes it did not work, but haven’t found the reason. I thought I connected between power and ground with wired properly, but guess there are some mistakes.


My first attempt was failed. Anybody please explain the reason.



I changed the arrangement of elements and it worked successfully.


I made another shape of circuit.



In the same circuit, I added one more LED next to the previous one, but…

I should not have put it just next to the first one? Current can not flow between LEDs directly from one another? I will connect with a wire between two of them. We’ll see.



What is physical interaction?

According to Chris Crawford’s definition in his book ‘The art of interactive design’, interaction is not just a reaction from something. It is a conversation between two and a cyclic process in which two actors alternately listen, think and speak. Just imagine your daily life, or even what you are doing now. Pick up your cell phone, and touch an icon then a web page is opened on the screen. You scrolled the screen and move the pages back and force with your fingers. We interact everyday, even almost every moment with digital technology things. However, most of our interactions with tech equipments are created by our hands. scroll, swap, click and so on. Here is the point that we consider of what is physical interaction and what is a good physical interaction.


“We live in a three-dimensional world. Our hands are designed for moving and rotating objects in three dimensions, for picking up objects and placing them over, under, beside, and inside each other. No creature on earth has a dexterity that compares to ours. Then compare your experience to sliding around Pictures Under Glass.



Physical interaction is a conversation between human body technology.  There are must listen, think and speak process either. And a good physical interaction might be using a whole body part based on user, places, and purposed for the interaction. It would be further highly engaged communication between human and technology above minimal human interaction “Pictures under glass” mentioned by Bret, because as he said, we live in a three-dimensional world. And I believe a good interactivity design could be easy to use ,of course, and could amplify human capabilities. I do not think digital technology which is not interactive exists. It is just a matter of degree of engagement.